MAGION is a name of the serial of small MAGnetospheric and IONospheric satellites manufactured in Czech Republic to be launched as Russian scientific S/C hitch-hikers. These satellites are designed to perform measurements of space plasma parameters by a satellite/subsatellite pair simultaneously in two points which are not far from each other. These satellites are also intended to perform diagnostic researches in the region of actively injecting complex mounted on the main S/C.
The history of the MAGION satellites development spings to the middle of seventieth, when in the frame of the INTERCOSMOS space programme there were started the development of the first MAGION S/C, which was launched into the orbit in the pair with the S/C INTERCOSMOS-18 in 1978.
Popular history of MAGION satellites -> https://okf.ufa.cas.cz/magion/en/
|Magion 1||24.10.1978||15 kg||406 km||768 km||magnetic field|
|Magion 2||28.09.1989||52 kg||500 km||2500 km||magnetic field|
|Magion 3||18.12.1991||52 kg||438 km||3070 km||magnetic field|
|Magion 4||03.08.1995||59 kg||1 000 km||198 000 km||spin|
|Magion 5||29.08.1996||64 kg||1 000 km||20 000 km||spin|